AskDefine | Define realist

Dictionary Definition

realist

Noun

1 a philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
2 a person who accepts the world as it literally is and deals with it accordingly
3 a painter who represents the world realistically and not in an idealized or romantic style

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. One who believes in literal truth.
  2. A follower of the realism movement.

Translations

believer of literal truth
follower of realism
  • Croatian: realist
  • French: réaliste
  • German: Realist
  • Portuguese: realista

Croatian

Noun

hr-noun m

Extensive Definition

Realism, Realist or Realistic may refer to:

The arts

  • Realism (arts), the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life
  • Realism (dramatic arts), a movement towards greater fidelity to real life
  • Realism (visual arts), a style of painting that depicts what the eye can see
  • Classical Realism, an artistic movement in late 20th Century that valued beauty and artistic skill
  • Hyperrealism (painting), a genre of painting that resembles high resolution photography
  • Kitchen sink realism, an English cultural movement in the 1950s and 1960s that concentrated on contemporary social realism
  • Literary realism, a 19th century literary movement
  • Magic realism, an artistic genre in which magical elements appear in an otherwise realistic setting
  • Nazi heroic realism or the art of the third Reich, a style of propaganda art associated with Nazi Germany
  • New Realism, an artistic movement founded in 1960 by Pierre Restany and Yves Klein
  • Poetic realism, a film movement in France in the 1930s that used heightened aestheticism
  • Photorealism, a genre of painting that resembles photography
  • Romantic realism, an aesthetic art term popularized by writer/philosopher Ayn Rand
  • Social realism, an artistic movement which depicts working class activities
  • Socialist realism, a style of propaganda art associated with Communism

International relations

  • Defensive realism, a theory that anarchy on the world stage causes states to increase their security, resulting in greater instability
  • Liberal realism or the "English school of international relations theory", the theory that there exists a 'society of states'
  • Neorealism or structural realism, a theory that international structures act as a constraint on state behavior
  • Offensive realism, a theory that states will exploit opportunities to expand whenever they are presented
  • Political realism, a theory that the primary motivation of states is the desire for power or security, rather than ideals or ethics
  • Subaltern realism, a theory that Third World states are more concerned with short term gains

Law

  • Legal realism, a theory that law is made by human beings and thus subject to human imperfections
  • Left realism, a theory that crime disproportionately affects working class people
  • Right Realism, a theory about the prevention and control of crime

Philosophy

  • Aesthetic Realism, a philosophy founded by the American poet and critic Eli Siegel
  • Australian realism or Australian materialism, a 20th Century school of philosophy in Australia
  • Christian Realism, a philosophy advocated by Reinhold Niebuhr
  • Constructive realism, a philosophy of science
  • Cornell realism, a view in meta-ethics associated with the work of Richard Boyd and others
  • Critical realism, a philosophy of perception concerned with the accuracy of human sense-data
  • Direct realism, a theory of perception
  • Entity realism, a philosophical position within scientific realism
  • Epistemological realism, a subcategory of objectivism
  • Hyper-realism or Hyperreality, the inability of consciousness to distinguish reality from fantasy
  • Mathematical realism, a branch of philosophy of mathematics
  • Moderate realism, a position holding that there is no realm where universals exist
  • Modal realism, a philosophy propounded by David Lewis, that possible worlds are as real as the actual world
  • Moral realism, the view in philosophy that there are objective moral values
  • Mystical realism, a philosophy concerning the nature of the divine, advanced by Nikolai Berdyaev
  • Naive realism, a common sense theory of perception
  • New realism (philosophy), a school of early 20th-century epistemology rejecting epistemological dualism
  • Organic realism or the Philosophy of Oganism, the metaphysics of Alfred North Whitehead, now known as process philosophy
  • Philosophical realism, the belief that reality exists independently of observers
  • Platonic realism, a philosophy articulated by Plato, positing the existence of universals
  • Quasi-realism, an expressivist meta-ethical theory which asserts that though our moral claims are projectivist we understand them in realist terms
  • Representative realism, the view that we cannot perceive the external world directly
  • Scientific realism, the view that the world described by science is the real world
  • Transcendental realism, a concept implying that individuals have a perfect understanding of the limitations of their own minds
  • Truth-value link realism, a metaphysical concept explaining how to understand parts of the world that are apparently cognitively inaccessible

Other fields

realist in Bulgarian: Реализъм
realist in Czech: Realismus
realist in Danish: Realisme
realist in German: Realismus
realist in Estonian: Realism
realist in Spanish: Realismo
realist in French: Réalisme
realist in Croatian: Realizam
realist in Italian: Realismo
realist in Hungarian: Realizmus
realist in Dutch: Realisme
realist in Japanese: リアリズム
realist in Norwegian: Realisme
realist in Romanian: Realism (dezambiguizare)
realist in Russian: Реализм
realist in Finnish: Realismi
realist in Turkish: Gerçekçilik

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1